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Fixers, Super Fixers and Shadow Facilitators: How Networks Connect
Chapter in the Forthcoming book: "Convergence: Illicit Networks in the Age of Globalization" (National Defense University)

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by Douglas Farah
Published on April 20th, 2012
PAPERS & STUDIES

The multi-billon dollar illicit trade of commodities (from cocaine to blood diamonds, weapons and human beings) has many complexities, from creating or extracting the product to moving the product to international markets to delivering payments. The return cycle is equally complex, including the types of payments used to acquire the commodities, from cash to weapons and other goods the seller may need. This cycle relies on a specific group of individuals who act as facilitators in connecting different facets of the criminal and/or terrorist networks of state and non-state actors.  This chapter addresses this crucial role of a cohort of actors -- “fixers,” “super fixers” and “shadow facilitators”  -- in empowering social networks that operate within illicit commodity chains.

Real the Download file complete chapter here.

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