A Line in the Sand: Assessing Dangerous Threats to Our Nation’s Borders
Testimony Before the House Committee on Homeland Security
What we are seeing today is the emergence of multiple criminalized state actors in Latin America, primarily grouped into the self-identified Bolivarian Alliance led by Venezuela, now operating in conjunction with Transnational Organized Crime groups (TOCs), extra regional actors such as Iran, and terrorist groups. In recent months there has been increased awareness of the flow of South American cocaine through Venezuela to West Africa, particularly through Mali, Guinea Bissau and other fragile states -- possibly benefitting not only the traditional regional TOC structures and their Colombian and Mexican allies, but several terrorist entities including Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), Hezbollah, and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia-FARC).
Read the entire testimony here (PDF).